HTML Elements

HTML Elements – An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag.


HTML Elements

An html element usually is made up of a start tag and end tag, with the content placed in between:

<tagname> Content goes here… </tagname>

The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag:

<p> My first paragraph. </p>

Start tag Element content End tag
<h1> My First Heading </h1>
<p> My first paragraph. </p>
<br>
Html elements that carry no content are called empty elements. Empty elements do not have an end tag, such as the <br> element (which indicates a line break).

Nested HTML Elements

HTML elements can be nested (elements can contain elements).

All HTML documents consist of nested HTML elements.

This example contains four HTML elements:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Example Explained

The <html> element defines the whole document.

It has a start tag <html> and an end tag </html>.

Inside the <html> element is the <body> element.

<html>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>


The <body> element defines the document body.

It has a start tag <body> and an end tag </body>.

Inside the <body> element is two other HTML elements: <h1> and <p>.

<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>


The <h1> element defines a heading.

It has a start tag <h1> and an end tag </h1>.

The element content is: My First Heading.

<h1>My First Heading</h1>


The <p> element defines a paragraph.

It has a start tag <p> and an end tag </p>.

The element content is: My first paragraph.

<p>My first paragraph.</p>


Never Skip the End Tag

Some HTML elements will display correctly, even if you forget the end tag:

Example

<html>
<body>

<p>This is a paragraph
<p>This is a paragraph

</body>
</html>


However, never rely on this! Unexpected results and errors may occur if you forget the end tag!


Empty HTML Elements

HTML elements without content are called empty elements.
The <br> tag defines a line break, and is an empty element without a closing tag:

Example

<p>This is a <br> paragraph with a line break.</p>


HTML Is Not Case Sensitive

HTML tags are not case sensitive: <P> means the same as <p>.

The HTML standard does not require lowercase tags, but W3C suggest lowercase in HTML, and demands lowercase for stricter document types like XHTML.

At Fiuce we always use lowercase tag names.

HTML Tag Reference

HTML tag reference contains additional information about these tags and their attributes.

Tag Description
<html> Defines the root of an HTML document
<body> Defines the document’s body
<h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings
For a complete list of all available HTML tags, visit our HTML Tag Reference.

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