HTML Colors

HTML colors are specified with predefined color names, or with RGB, HEX, HSL, RGBA, or HSLA values.

HTML Color Names

In HTML, a color can be specified by using a color name:

HTML supports 140 standard color names.

Background Color

You can set the background color for HTML elements:


<h1 style="background-color:DodgerBlue;">Hello World</h1>
<p style="background-color:Tomato;">Lorem ipsum...</p>

Text Color

You can set the color of text:


<h1 style="color:Tomato;">Hello World</h1>
<p style="color:DodgerBlue;">Lorem ipsum...</p>
<p style="color:MediumSeaGreen;">Ut wisi enim...</p>

Border Color

You can set the color of borders:


<h1 style="border:2px solid Tomato;">Hello World</h1>
<h1 style="border:2px solid DodgerBlue;">Hello World</h1>
<h1 style="border:2px solid Violet;">Hello World</h1>

Color Values

In HTML, colors can also be specified using RGB values, HEX values, HSL values, RGBA values, and HSLA values.

The following three <h3> elements have their background color set with RGB, HEX, and HSL values:

rgb(255, 99, 71)


hsl(9, 100%, 64%)

The following two <h3> elements have their background color set with RGBA and HSLA values, which adds an Alpha channel to the color (here we have 50% transparency):

rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.5)

hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.5)


<h1 style="background-color:rgb(255, 99, 71);">...</h1>
<h1 style="background-color:#ff6347;">...</h1>
<h1 style="background-color:hsl(9, 100%, 64%);">...</h1>

<h1 style="background-color:rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.5);">...</h1>
<h1 style="background-color:hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.5);">...</h1>

Learn more about HTML Color Values

You will learn more about RGBHEX and HSL in the next chapters.

3D Effect

Portal scene

UI Design