HTML Basic Examples – In this chapter, we will display some elementary html examples.
Don’t worry if we use some tags you have not learned about yet.
HTML Basic Examples – HTML Documents
All HTML documents must start with a document type declaration:
The HTML document itself begins with
<html> and ends with
The visible part of the HTML document is between
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>My First Heading</h1> <p>My first paragraph.</p> </body> </html>
The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration
<!DOCTYPE> declaration represents the document type, and helps browsers to display web pages correctly.
It must only appear once, at the top of the page (before any HTML tags).
<!DOCTYPE> declaration is not case sensitive.
<!DOCTYPE> declaration for HTML5 is:
HTML headings are defined with the
<h1> defines the most important heading.
<h6> defines the least important heading:
<h1>This is heading 1</h1> <h2>This is heading 2</h2> <h3>This is heading 3</h3> <h4>This is heading 4</h4> <h5>This is heading 5</h5> <h6>This is heading 6</h6>
HTML paragraphs are defined with the
<p>This is a paragraph.</p> <p>This is another paragraph.</p>
HTML links are defined with the
<a href="https://www.Fiuce.com">This is a link</a>
The link’s destination is specified in the
Attributes are used to provide extra information about html elements.
You will learn more about attributes in the later chapters.
HTML images are defined with the
The source file (
src), alternative text (
height are provided as attributes:
<img src="fiuce.jpg" alt="fiuce.com" width="140" height="100">
HTML buttons are defined with the
HTML lists are defined with the
<ul> (unordered/bullet list) or the
<ol> (ordered/numbered list) tag, followed by
<li> tags (list items):
<ul> <li>Coffee</li> <li>Tea</li> <li>Milk</li> </ul> <ol> <li>Coffee</li> <li>Tea</li> <li>Milk</li> </ol>
How to View HTML Source?
Have you ever seen a Web page and wondered “Hey! How did they do that?”
View HTML Source Code:
Right-click in an HTML page and select “View Page Source” (in Chrome) or “View Source” (in Edge), or similar in other browsers. This will open a window containing the HTML source code of the page.
Inspect an HTML Element:
Right-click on an element (or a blank area), and choose “Inspect” or “Inspect Element” to see what elements are made up of (you will see both the HTML and the CSS). You can also edit the HTML or CSS on-the-fly in the Elements or Styles panel that opens.