HTML Background Images

HTML Background Images – A background image can be specified for almost any HTML element.


Background Image on a HTML element

To add a background image on an HTML element, use the HTML style attribute and the CSS background-image property:

Example

Add a background image on a HTML element:

<div style="background-image: url('img_girl.jpg');">

You can also specify the background image in the <style> element, in the <head> section:

Example

Specify the background image in the <style> element:

<style>
div {
  background-image: url('img_girl.jpg');
}
</style>


Background Image on a Page

If you want the entire page to have a background image, you must specify the background image on the <body> element:

Example

Add a background image for the entire page:

<style>
body {
  background-image: url('img_girl.jpg');
}
</style>


Background Repeat

If the background image is smaller than the element, the image will repeat itself, horizontally and vertically, until it reaches the end of the element:

Example

<style>
body {
  background-image: url('example_img_girl.jpg');
}
</style>

To avoid the background image from repeating itself, set the background-repeat property to no-repeat.

Example

<style>
body {
  background-image: url('example_img_girl.jpg');
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
}
</style>


Background Cover

If you want the background image to cover the entire element, you can set the background-size property to cover.

Also, to make sure the entire element is always covered, set the background-attachment property to fixed:

This way, the background image will cover the entire element, with no stretching (the image will keep its original proportions):

Example

<style>
body {
  background-image: url('img_girl.jpg');
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-attachment: fixed;
  background-size: cover;
}
</style>


Background Stretch

If you want the background image to stretch to fit the entire element, you can set the background-size property to 100% 100%:

Try resizing the browser window, and you will see that the image will stretch, but always cover the entire element.

Example

<style>
body {
  background-image: url('img_girl.jpg');
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-attachment: fixed;
  background-size: 100% 100%;
}
</style>


Learn More CSS

From the examples above you have learned that background images can be styled by using the CSS background properties.

To learn more about CSS background properties, study our CSS Background Tutorial.

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