CSS Multiple Columns

CSS Multi-column Layout

The CSS multi-column layout allows easy definition of multiple columns of text – just like in newspapers:


CSS Multi-column Properties

In this chapter you will learn about the following multi-column properties:

  • column-count
  • column-gap
  • column-rule-style
  • column-rule-width
  • column-rule-color
  • column-rule
  • column-span
  • column-width

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Property
column-count 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-gap 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-rule 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-rule-color 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-rule-style 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-rule-width 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0
column-span 50.0 10.0 71.0 9.0 37.0
column-width 50.0 10.0 52.0 9.0 37.0

CSS Create Multiple Columns

The column-count property specifies the number of columns an element should be divided into.

The following example will divide the text in the <div> element into 3 columns:

Example

div {
  column-count: 3;
}


CSS Specify the Gap Between Columns

The column-gap property specifies the gap between the columns.

The following example specifies a 40 pixels gap between the columns:

Example

div {
  column-gap: 40px;
}


CSS Column Rules

The column-rule-style property specifies the style of the rule between columns:

Example

div {
  column-rule-style: solid;
}

The column-rule-width property specifies the width of the rule between columns:

Example

div {
  column-rule-width: 1px;
}

The column-rule-color property specifies the color of the rule between columns:

Example

div {
  column-rule-color: lightblue;
}

The column-rule property is a shorthand property for setting all the column-rule-* properties above.

The following example sets the width, style, and color of the rule between columns:

Example

div {
  column-rule: 1px solid lightblue;
}


Specify How Many Columns an Element Should Span

The column-span property specifies how many columns an element should span across.

The following example specifies that the <h2> element should span across all columns:

Example

h2 {
  column-span: all;
}


Specify The Column Width

The column-width property specifies a suggested, optimal width for the columns.

The following example specifies that the suggested, optimal width for the columns should be 100px:

Example

div {
  column-width: 100px;
}


CSS Multi-columns Properties

The following table lists all the multi-columns properties:

Property Description
column-count Specifies the number of columns an element should be divided into
column-fill Specifies how to fill columns
column-gap Specifies the gap between the columns
column-rule A shorthand property for setting all the column-rule-* properties
column-rule-color Specifies the color of the rule between columns
column-rule-style Specifies the style of the rule between columns
column-rule-width Specifies the width of the rule between columns
column-span Specifies how many columns an element should span across
column-width Specifies a suggested, optimal width for the columns
columns A shorthand property for setting column-width and column-count

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