CSS Colors

CSS supports 140+ color names, HEX values, RGB values, RGBA values, HSL values, HSLA values, and opacity.


RGBA Colors

RGBA color values are an extension of RGB color values with an alpha channel – which specifies the opacity for a color.

An RGBA color value is specified with: rgba(red, green, blue, alpha). The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque).

rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.2);
rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.4);
rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.6);
rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.8);

The following example defines different RGBA colors:

Example

  #p1 {background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.3);}  /* red with opacity */
  #p2 {background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.3);}  /* green with opacity */
  #p3 {background-color: rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.3);}  /* blue with opacity */


HSL Colors

HSL stands for Hue, Saturation and Lightness.

An HSL color value is specified with: hsl(hue, saturation, lightness).

  1. Hue is a degree on the color wheel (from 0 to 360):
    • 0 (or 360) is red
    • 120 is green
    • 240 is blue
  2. Saturation is a percentage value: 100% is the full color.
  3. Lightness is also a percentage; 0% is dark (black) and 100% is white.
hsl(0, 100%, 30%);
hsl(0, 100%, 50%);
hsl(0, 100%, 70%);
hsl(0, 100%, 90%);

The following example defines different HSL colors:

Example

  #p1 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 50%);}  /* green */
  #p2 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 75%);}  /* light green */
  #p3 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 25%);}  /* dark green */
  #p4 {background-color: hsl(120, 60%, 70%);}   /* pastel green */


HSLA Colors

HSLA color values are an extension of HSL color values with an alpha channel – which specifies the opacity for a color.

An HSLA color value is specified with: hsla(hue, saturation, lightness, alpha), where the alpha parameter defines the opacity. The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque).

hsla(0, 100%, 30%, 0.3);
hsla(0, 100%, 50%, 0.3);
hsla(0, 100%, 70%, 0.3);
hsla(0, 100%, 90%, 0.3);

The following example defines different HSLA colors:

Example

  #p1 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 50%, 0.3);}  /* green with opacity */
  #p2 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 75%, 0.3);}  /* light green with opacity */
  #p3 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 25%, 0.3);}  /* dark green with opacity */
  #p4 {background-color: hsla(120, 60%, 70%, 0.3);}   /* pastel green with opacity */


Opacity

The CSS opacity property sets the opacity for the whole element (both background color and text will be opaque/transparent).

The opacity property value must be a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque).

rgb(255, 0, 0);opacity:0.2;
rgb(255, 0, 0);opacity:0.4;
rgb(255, 0, 0);opacity:0.6;
rgb(255, 0, 0);opacity:0.8;

Notice that the text above will also be transparent/opaque!

The following example shows different elements with opacity:

Example

  #p1 {background-color:rgb(255,0,0);opacity:0.6;}  /* red with opacity */
  #p2 {background-color:rgb(0,255,0);opacity:0.6;}  /* green with opacity */
  #p3 {background-color:rgb(0,0,255);opacity:0.6;}  /* blue with opacity */


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