CSS Dropdowns

Create a hoverable dropdown with CSS.


Demo: Dropdown Examples

Move the mouse over the examples below:

Example

Dropdown Text


Basic Dropdown

Create a dropdown box that appears when the user moves the mouse over an element.

Example

<style>
.dropdown {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
}

.dropdown-content {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
  background-color: #f9f9f9;
  min-width: 160px;
  box-shadow: 0px 8px 16px 0px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
  padding: 12px 16px;
  z-index: 1;
}

.dropdown:hover .dropdown-content {
  display: block;
}
</style>

<div class="dropdown">
  <span>Mouse over me</span>
  <div class="dropdown-content">
    <p>Hello World!</p>
  </div>
</div>

Example Explained

HTML) Use any element to open the dropdown content, e.g. a <span>, or a <button> element.

Use a container element (like <div>) to create the dropdown content and add whatever you want inside of it.

Wrap a <div> element around the elements to position the dropdown content correctly with CSS.

CSS) The .dropdown class uses position:relative, which is needed when we want the dropdown content to be placed right below the dropdown button (using position:absolute).

The .dropdown-content class holds the actual dropdown content. It is hidden by default, and will be displayed on hover (see below). Note the min-width is set to 160px. Feel free to change this.

Tip: If you want the width of the dropdown content to be as wide as the dropdown button, set the width to 100% (and overflow:auto to enable scroll on small screens).

Instead of using a border, we have used the CSS box-shadow property to make the dropdown menu look like a “card”.

The :hover selector is used to show the dropdown menu when the user moves the mouse over the dropdown button.


Dropdown Menu

Create a dropdown menu that allows the user to choose an option from a list:

This example is similar to the previous one, except that we add links inside the dropdown box and style them to fit a styled dropdown button:

Example

<style>
/* Style The Dropdown Button */
.dropbtn {
  background-color: #0095eb;
  color: white;
  padding: 16px;
  font-size: 16px;
  border: none;
  cursor: pointer;
}

/* The container <div> - needed to position the dropdown content */
.dropdown {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
}

/* Dropdown Content (Hidden by Default) */
.dropdown-content {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
  background-color: #f9f9f9;
  min-width: 160px;
  box-shadow: 0px 8px 16px 0px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
  z-index: 1;
}

/* Links inside the dropdown */
.dropdown-content a {
  color: black;
  padding: 12px 16px;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: block;
}

/* Change color of dropdown links on hover */
.dropdown-content a:hover {background-color: #f1f1f1}

/* Show the dropdown menu on hover */
.dropdown:hover .dropdown-content {
  display: block;
}

/* Change the background color of the dropdown button when the dropdown content is shown */
.dropdown:hover .dropbtn {
  background-color: #272727;
}
</style>

<div class="dropdown">
  <button class="dropbtn">Dropdown</button>
  <div class="dropdown-content">
    <a href="#">Link 1</a>
    <a href="#">Link 2</a>
    <a href="#">Link 3</a>
  </div>
</div>


Right-aligned Dropdown Content

If you want the dropdown menu to go from right to left, instead of left to right, add right: 0;

Example

.dropdown-content {
  right: 0;
}


More Examples

Dropdown Image

How to add an image and other content inside the dropdown box.

Hover over the image:

Dropdown Navbar

How to add a dropdown menu inside a navigation bar.

Dropdown Menu inside a Navigation Bar

Hover over the “Dropdown” link to see the dropdown menu.

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3D Effect

Portal scene

UI Design