CSS Background Shorthand

CSS background – Shorthand property

To shorten the code, it is also possible to specify all the background properties in one single property. This is called a shorthand property.

Instead of writing:

body {
  background-color: #ffffff;
  background-image: url("img_tree.png");
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-position: right top;
}


You can use the shorthand property background:

Example

Use the shorthand property to set the background properties in one declaration:

body {
  background: #ffffff url("img_tree.png") no-repeat right top;
}

When using the shorthand property the order of the property values is:

  • background-color
  • background-image
  • background-repeat
  • background-attachment
  • background-position

It does not matter if one of the property values is missing, as long as the other ones are in this order. Note that we do not use the background-attachment property in the examples above, as it does not have a value.


All CSS Background Properties

Property Description
background Sets all the background properties in one declaration
background-attachment Sets whether a background image is fixed or scrolls with the rest of the page
background-clip Specifies the painting area of the background
background-color Sets the background color of an element
background-image Sets the background image for an element
background-origin Specifies where the background image(s) is/are positioned
background-position Sets the starting position of a background image
background-repeat Sets how a background image will be repeated
background-size Specifies the size of the background image(s)

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