CSS Attribute Selectors


Style HTML Elements With Specific Attributes

It is possible to style HTML elements that have specific attributes or attribute values.


CSS [attribute] Selector

The [attribute] selector is used to select elements with a specified attribute.

The following example selects all <a> elements with a target attribute:

Example

a[target] {
  background-color: yellow;
}


CSS [attribute=”value”] Selector

The [attribute="value"] selector is used to select elements with a specified attribute and value.

The following example selects all <a> elements with a target=”_blank” attribute:

Example

a[target="_blank"] {
  background-color: yellow;
}


CSS [attribute~=”value”] Selector

The [attribute~="value"] selector is used to select elements with an attribute value containing a specified word.

The following example selects all elements with a title attribute that contains a space-separated list of words, one of which is “flower”:

Example

[title~="flower"] {
  border: 5px solid yellow;
}

The example above will match elements with title=”flower”, title=”summer flower”, and title=”flower new”, but not title=”my-flower” or title=”flowers”.


CSS [attribute|=”value”] Selector

The [attribute|="value"] selector is used to select elements with the specified attribute starting with the specified value.

The following example selects all elements with a class attribute value that begins with “top”:

Note: The value has to be a whole word, either alone, like class=”top”, or followed by a hyphen( – ), like class=”top-text”!

Example

[class|="top"] {
  background: yellow;
}


CSS [attribute^=”value”] Selector

The [attribute^="value"] selector is used to select elements whose attribute value begins with a specified value.

The following example selects all elements with a class attribute value that begins with “top”:

Note: The value does not have to be a whole word!

Example

[class^="top"] {
  background: yellow;
}


CSS [attribute$=”value”] Selector

The [attribute$="value"] selector is used to select elements whose attribute value ends with a specified value.

The following example selects all elements with a class attribute value that ends with “test”:

Note: The value does not have to be a whole word!

Example

[class$="test"] {
  background: yellow;
}


CSS [attribute*=”value”] Selector

The [attribute*="value"] selector is used to select elements whose attribute value contains a specified value.

The following example selects all elements with a class attribute value that contains “te”:

Note: The value does not have to be a whole word!

Example

[class*="te"] {
  background: yellow;
}


Styling Forms

The attribute selectors can be useful for styling forms without class or ID:

Example

input[type="text"] {
  width: 150px;
  display: block;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
  background-color: yellow;
}

input[type="button"] {
  width: 120px;
  margin-left: 35px;
  display: block;
}

Tip: Visit our CSS Forms Tutorial for more examples on how to style forms with CSS.


All CSS Attribute Selectors

Selector Example Example description
[attribute] [target] Selects all elements with a target attribute
[attribute=value] [target=_blank] Selects all elements with target=”_blank”
[attribute~=value] [title~=flower] Selects all elements with a title attribute containing the word “flower”
[attribute|=value] [lang|=en] Selects all elements with a lang attribute value starting with “en”
[attribute^=value] a[href^=”https”] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value begins with “https”
[attribute$=value] a[href$=”.pdf”] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value ends with “.pdf”
[attribute*=value] a[href*=”w3schools”] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value contains the substring “w3schools”

www.w3schools.com

3D Effect

Portal scene

UI Design